VetReact has been established from an equine research group at the University of Nottingham exploring equine veterinary emergencies.

The aim of VetReact is to publish resources on common emergency conditions seen in equine practice, using Evidence-based Veterinary Medicine (EBVM), to address the gaps in knowledge in this area of research.

Our current work is focused on the primary assessment of horses presenting with colic, and how critical cases may be differentiated at this early stage (critical cases are defined as those requiring hospitalisation, surgery or intensive medical management).

This website presents the outcomes as information and resources for veterinary practitioners. Each page has links back to the evidence sources enabling practitioners to evaluate this and determine how they integrate this evidence-based medicine into their clinical practice.

Is it a critical case?

Owner info

Vet info

Clinical signs

  • Change in behaviour
  • Change in demeanour
  • Change in appetite
  • Change in defaecation


  • Horse details
  • Previous medical history
  • Current colic episode
  • Management
  • Preventative healthcare
  • Owners factors

Physical examination

  • Pain
  • Cardiovascular examination
  • Alimentary system
  • Temperature
  • Respiratory system

Diagnostic tests

  • Response to analgesia
  • Rectal examination
  • Nasogastric intubation
  • Abdominocentesis
  • Ultrasound